Shed and Sauna
“All things come into being by conflict of opposites, and the whole flows like a stream.” (Diogenes Laërtius on Heraclitus)
The constant inner movement of a community can be traced through the emerging architecture on their land. The establishing of a new home is influenced by the impact of nature and whole heart edideology as well as the actual social and built rural environment. Two small buildings of the same community are chosen to represent two parallel approaches behind the drifting contemporary architecture of the Hungarian village.
Back in 2010, opposing the current urban lifestyle, a small group of intellectuals from Budapest decided to establish a new eco village in the rural area. After long years of community building, a nice piece of land was bought in the periphery of a tiny existing village Nyim, located in Somogy county. Being doctoral students at that time, we started to work together with the community to helpt hearticulation of their desires in the language of architecture. Through games and mental mapping,their actual image of the dreamed new life revealed as a vision of a colorful village of many purposeful individuals, living independent from the existing settlement.
The following 3 years the preparation phase continued, their barren property became a flourishing landscape in agricultural use. Our architect team now reported the desires and plans of the inhabitants cooperating with the mayor of the village, in order to define the possible directions of a long term development based on the realistic lifestyle models of the population, searching for the catalyzer role of the eco community in the village. Nyim is facing the typical problems of tiny Hungarian villages, such as unemployment, aging population, and abandoned vernacular architecture in poor condition.
As time passed many community members found their own homeinthevillage, however, abitdifferent from the original plans. By now, 5 families have their renovated houses in the existing village, and many community organised training courses take place there. Practical venue for them, a multifunctional, open community space, the “Shed” was built as an addition to the existing farm buildings. The broad roof evokes the volume of the traditional barn, function ing as a gate between the garden and the agricultural field, providing seating for 30 40 people. Due to our plan, it is only a spatial frame, which will be filled gradually with the visions, own motifs of the community, manifesting on the floor and the sunshades.
The ‘Sauna’ building was designed under the roof of the ‘Shed’, and was built a few plots away, on the first eco architecture workshop organised by members of the community who experiment with new building materials such as hempcrete and cordwood. While the ‘Shed’ is an architectural reaction to the interaction between the village and the community, the small building of the ‘Sauna’ is a reaction to the base of architecture, showcasing the very moment when 21st century man returns to nature and expresses himself through the magic of building.